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The Victorian Competition and Efficiency Commission engaged a team led by David Adams to consider how transport reform could be included in state based reform agenda.
We diagnosed the following causes of transport problems, rather than focussing on symptoms:
– Inadequate price and other signals to road users
– Lack of integration between transport and land-use planning
– Too much focus on supply side measures, especially short-term and mode-specific
– Limitations within appraisal and related practices
We recommended the following agenda for reform:
– Increasing use of usage (mobility) pricing and viable alternatives to peak time car use
– Improving frameworks for governance and decision making
– Improving appraisal
– Investing in productive infrastructure and in real options
– Increasing contestability
– Making more productive use of existing infrastructure.
In particular, we recommended analysing the productivity of land used for transport. In Melbourne, land used for rail is more productive, in that it moves 3.7 times the number of passenger kilometres per unit area in its land footprint than the road network. However much more land is devoted to road than rail – the following figures show that more than 17% of Melbourne metropolitan area is used for roads.